Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Shroyer Park Architecture

Below is a brief introduction to Shroyer Park's most common house type, the Cape Cod Revival.

House Types in Shroyer Park

Shroyer Park exhibits a variety of architectural types, each reflecting popular preferences upon construction of the individual home.  Some of the older homes, such as those constructed in the 1920s, are bungalows and dutch colonial revivals.  Shroyer Park also includes a number of American Foursquares from that time period.  Into the 1940s, one particular type came into popularity, and now dominates most Shroyer streetscapes:  The Cape Cod.
Cape Cod Origins
By far the most common housing style in Shroyer Park is the Cape Cod or Cape Cod Revival, where a number of different layouts and variations are exhibited.  The Cape Cod is commonly traced back to 17th century New England, where a number of environmental conditions converged to shape this style.  Relevant to Shroyer Park are the steep roofs, which were important to prevent the accumulation of snow; the inclusion of shutters to deal with stormy winds (today, shutters are included mainly for aesthetic appeal); and a low profile to bear the brunt of “Nor’easters.”
Cape Cod Revival
The Cape Cod style was very popular in the 1930s through the 1950s—coincidental with the development of the most of the Shroyer Park neighborhood.  This popularity can be attributed to the affordable and efficient appeal of the style.  However, this affordability and efficiency is relative:  the Cape Cod style can be seen in extreme high-end examples, as well as mass produced tract-style housing.  Shroyer Park, of course, is blessed with a wide diversity of appearances and types, so while there is the usual rhythm and consistency of Cape Cods, there is sufficient variation to maintain interest.
Cape Cod Elements
According to about.com, these are common features of the Cape Cod style:
Traditional, Colonial-Style Cape Cods

  • Steeply pitched roof with side gables
  • Narrow roof overhang
  • 1 or 1½ stories
  • Constructed of wood and sided in wide clapboard or shingles
  • Exterior siding originally left unpainted
  • Large central chimney linked to a fireplace in each room
  • Rectangular shape
  • Front door placed at the center or, in some cases, at the side
  • Center-hall floor plan
  • Multi-paned, double-hung windows
  • Shutters (functional)
  • Hardwood floors
  • Little exterior ornamentation
  • Interior trim painted white
Shroyer Park 20th Century Adaptation (Revival)

  • Finished rooms on the second story
  • Large dormers to expand living space on the upper story
  • Chimney placed at one end instead of at the center
  • Single-paned double-hung or casement windows
  • Decorative shutters that do not close
  • Sided in wood, shingles, brick, stone, aluminum, or vinyl
  • Garage or additional room attached to one side or the rear
Some examples from the neighborhood:

The Cape:



Dutch Colonial Revival:


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